These dynasties were further classified into 36 races, the prominent of which are the Hadas of Kota, the Chauhans of Ajmer, the Sisodias of Mewar, Udaipur, the Kacchawas of Amber and the Rathores of Marwar in Bikaner and Jodhpur. A tour of Rajasthan is certainly never complete without knowing the emergence of its Rajput rulers, the valiant wars that took place for the stronghold of this land, the fall of the British Raj and the final breakdown of Rajasthan’s cities and territory.
The emergence of the Rajputs
Once the Gupta empire fell down in the 5th century, there was a ruling crisis for the ultimate command over Rajasthan and its neighbouring areas. The Gurjars and the Pratiharas were the earliest of Rajput dynasties to come in power during this time, and held the ultimate power veto in the whole of southern Rajasthan, hence giving the clan its name, Rajputana.
The Arab control over Sind in 1713 presented a great threat to the honor of the Rajputs, who tried their best to defend their homeland’s dignity and sovereignty. But the treats just didn’t end there, as the Turks and the Mohammed of Ghazni invaded Afghanistan, shortly approaching Rajasthan on their way out.
The Rajputs fought the invaders bravely, however, they were defeated and the control fell over from their hands to the Moslem rulers descending from Mohammad Ghazni himself.
The tiff between the Rajputs and the Mughals
The reason the Moslem rulers were able to conquer and dominate over India was the domestic tiff between its rulers and the absence of a strong army structure of any of its rulers. This disharmony cost India dearly in its battle against the invaders and as a result, the Muslim rule was established over the country with Rajasthan and the Delhi Sultanate under the control of Mohammed Ghazni.
It was only after Akbar held the reins and forged a matrimonial alliance with the Rajputs that the conditions got better, however, Aurangzeb’s rule brought the friendship to a close and started a series of bitter incidents towards the Indian population.
The British Raj
The British increased their foothold in India after the demise of the Mughal rule with small disputes taking over the rest if the country. With the Marathas also putting a lot of pressure over the Rajputs, their stronghold soon became loose and finally subsided, as the British Government made them puppet rulers in their hands.
The Formation of present-day Rajasthan
After Independence, the boundaries were defined as the south and southeastern regions of the estate of Rajputana in 1948. With the subsequent merger of Mewar, the power was transferred over to Udaipur. In 1949, the United Province of Matsya that comprised of Bharatpur, Alwar, Karouli, and Dholpur were merged in Rajasthan, thus transferring the capital to Jaipur.
The present-day Rajasthan that we see, is the result of the hard, untiring labor of the brave Rajput heroes and rulers that fought stoically for their homeland. It’s our responsibility and duty to respect, preserve, admire and uphold the integrity, tradition, culture, and magnificence of Rajasthan that has been handed down to us as an heirloom and guard it with our lives, for ages to come!
If you’d like to visit this glorious state of variegated heritage, book a cab with us now, and explore the wonderland that is Rajasthan!